AKKADIAN LINGUISTICS/BIBL-AKK.HTM –.

AKKADIAN LINGUISTICS

History of the discipline

Introduction

UNDER CONSTRUCTION
FOLLOWING IS A STUB FOR ENTIRE SECTION

for intro to history of d. see http://www.4banks.net//4b/history-d.htm

1. Decypherment and decoding
1855-66 Hincks, Oppert, Menant, Rawlinson

2. First systematization: the Semitic template
1890 Delitzsch

3. Consolidation (Coming into its own)
1910 Ungnad - insight, OB, syntax
“shyness”: mass of material, appearance of dialects
Bohl, Dhorme on Amarna

4. The philological build-up

Berkooz, Gordon on Nuzi
Labat on Boghaz-koi
studies on topics: Stamm 1939
1952 Von Soden - reference grammar, faces materials, dialects
dialectal grammars as philological lists of forms sorted according to von Soden
unevenness of treatment: either just abnormal forms, or all forsm, see e. g. Salonen
simplistic use of terms: “phoneme ” to mean phonetic realization (De Meyer)
“descriptive ” to mean philological filling-in of established slots (e. g. Finet)

5. Linguistic re-thinking

1939 Stamm as semiotics
1951 Gelb
1966 Reiner - experimentation with linguistics, perhaps too experimental
1969 Gelb
general linguists begin to use Akkadian, e.g. Anderson 1980
more room in general Semitics for Akkadian, e.g. Kurilowicz
V/
r
most recent dialectal grammars as proper linguisticstudies: Huehnergard, Groeneberg
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